Perm Krai

   An administrative province of the Russian Federation. Perm Krai came into existence on 1 December 2005 as a result of a 2004 referendum in the former Perm Oblast and Permyakiya on merging the two federal subjects. The province is bordered by Kirov, Sverdlovsk, Chelyabinsk, Bashkortostan, Udmurtiya, and the Komi Republic. It is part of the Volga Federal District and the Urals Economic Region. It covers 160,600 square kilometers of territory, and has a population of slightly less than 3 million.
   Ethnic Russians make up a majority (83 percent), with minority communities of Tatars (5 percent), Komi (4 percent), and other nationalities also comprising the population. Perm is known both for its artistic traditions, particularly ballet, and as a gateway to the gulag (Perm-36 was one of the Soviet Union’s most infamous detention facilities). Situated on the western slopes of the Urals with a population in excess of 1 million, the regional capital, Perm, is considered to be the easternmost city on the European continent. Known as Molotov during the late Stalin era, the city was restricted to foreigners until 1989.
   The region is heavily industrialized, focusing on artillery, shipbuilding, aviation, and chemicals. Other sectors include coal, petroleum, natural gas, and forestry. The province is attractive to foreign investors and enjoys a good number of small businesses. The province is bisected by the Kama River, which enables shipping to ports on the Baltic, Black and Caspian seas without off-loading. In 2000, Perm’s mayor, Yury Trutnev, won election as the regional governor; he quickly announced plans to merge the oblast with the autonomous okrug of Permyakiya. In 2004, Vladimir Putin appointed economist Oleg Chirkunov as acting governor, with Trutnev taking the position of minister of natural resources of the Russian Federation. Chirnokov was confirmed as the governor of the krai in 2005 after the merger; he is touted as Russia’s most Internet-savvy governor.

Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation. . 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Perm Krai — Infobox Russian federal subject EnglishName=Perm Krai RussianName=Пермский край Locator LocatorMap CoatOfArmsLink FlagLink AnthemLink= none AdmCtrOrCapital=Administrative center AdmCtrName=Perm FoundationDate=December 1, 2005 PoliticalStatus=Krai …   Wikipedia

  • Chaykovsky, Perm Krai — For other uses, see Tchaikovsky (disambiguation). Chaykovsky (English) Чайковский (Russian) …   Wikipedia

  • Oktyabrsky District, Perm Krai — For other places with the same name, see Oktyabrsky District, Russia. Oktyabrsky District (English) Октябрьский район (Russian) …   Wikipedia

  • Osa, Perm Krai — For other places with the same name, see Osa, Russia. Osa (English) Оса (Russian) …   Wikipedia

  • Chernushka, Chernushinsky District, Perm Krai — For other places with the same name, see Chernushka. Chernushka (English) Чернушка (Russian) …   Wikipedia

  • Osinsky District, Perm Krai — For other places with the same name, see Osinsky District. Osinsky District (English) Осинский район (Russian) …   Wikipedia

  • Gornozavodsk, Perm Krai — For other places with the same name, see Gornozavodsk. Coordinates: 58°22′32.88″N 58°19′15.96″E / 58.3758°N 58.3211°E / 58.3758; 58 …   Wikipedia

  • Cherdyn, Perm Krai — For other places with the same name, see Cherdyn. Coordinates: 60°24′6″N 56°28′46″E / 60.40167°N 56.47944°E / 60.40167; 56.47944 …   Wikipedia

  • Orda, Perm Krai — Orda (English) Орда (Russian)   Inhabited locality   …   Wikipedia

  • Malinovka River (Perm Krai) — The Malinovka (Russian: Малиновка) is a small river in Perm Krai, a right tributary of the Mulyanka. The source of Malinovka is situated in Industrialny City District of Perm. It flows in South direction. It is about 1.6 kilometers long.… …   Wikipedia

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